Once a missile facility that protected the Soviet Union against all possible military threats. Walk into this area without permission before the year 1995, may have resulted in many years in prison. Today the place is abandoned. Now we enter the traces of rocket pads and rooms for radar surveillance!
S75 missiles always ready
By far, the entire Baltic Sea coast was once covered by a patchwork of military facilities that would defend the Soviet Union from attack by NATO. One of the most important defense systems was the ground-to-air missiles, the S75M Dvina. NATO called this system SAM battery.
S75 missiles were often mounted in a cluster around important objects such as cities or industrial areas. Already in 1964, the US intelligence service identified 600 launch sites in the Soviet Union. A model of the S-75 missile could reach a height of 20,000 meters and the range was normally about 45 kilometers.
During a transitional period when the S-75 Volkhov began to become outdated, the Soviet Union overlapped the air defense system with the new generation of rockets; S-125 and S-200 Wega.
Thus, this was a relatively direct-acting missile, which required an active day-to-day monitoring on the ground to identify possible threats.
Now we are in the place where it happened. Six launch ramps, well camouflaged, far away in the forest.
After a detour of three kilometers on foot through leaf forest, I see the traces of what nobody should know.
Wandered at the and searching for of an opening. Mother nature is strong and I find a small part of the fence that is gone. After a long jump I’m in, but realize that there is a similar barbed wire fence a bit further in.
After a short walk, you can find a hole even in it. It’s a big area. The firing ramps are placed as a hexagon, barracks, control rooms and bunkers are scattered and hundreds of military personnel served on this object.
“The hell on earth”
Many of these were Polish conscripts. Some describe their experiences as 726 days in hell on earth.
The Missile System S-75 was actually moveable, but never in a ready position. A relocation of an S-75 took about two hours, so it was decided to camouflage places stationary far into the forest. However, the firing mechanism was always transported by truck or tractor.
This facility was the first in the defense line of Western Poland, and thus the discipline and control were extra hard.
Extensive bunker system
An extensive bunker system is underground. This contained control rooms, boardrooms, and other facilities and was built to withstand weapons of mass destruction. Fuel and water tanks also placed underground.
Watchtowers are still around the entire plant, but some have shattered.
From this place in the forest, you could see a great amount of the air activity over the Baltic Sea. They also had one of Poland’s few in places, where they had the opportunity to simulate attacks. Hence there were study visits from other parts of the Soviet Union.
Some sharp missiles against a foreign power never got out of here and the facility closed in the year 1995.
However, the S-75 rockets were widely used in the Vietnam War. Several other countries, such as China, North Korea, and the Middle East, still have these rockets in operation. The S-75 is the world’s most widely distributed air defense system.