Russia, together with the United States, controls 95% of the world’s nuclear weapons. Has Russia more nuclear weapon than America? How much nuclear weapons are there in Russia and can they be used?
Russia has more active nuclear weapons than the United States
In numbers, Russia has more nuclear weapons than the United States, but fewer vehicles for launch. According to experts who reviewed the statistics that nuclear weapons nations exchange, Russia holds 1796 nuclear weapons distributed on 508 vehicles.
The world’s second-largest nuclear weapon nation, the United States, has 1367 nuclear warheads distributed on 681 vehicles.
What is not visible in the statistics, the number of nuclear warheads each vehicle is able to carry and fire.
Stored nuclear weapons
In a variety of places in Russia and the United States, there are stored nuclear weapons. These are considered globally inactive but can be restored to working condition. According to the guidelines of the SOA-III agreement, a nation is allowed to have the highest number of 1,500 active nuclear weapons. The stored weapons will thus be destroyed, but neither the United States nor Russia has put any priority on it.
Calculations from independent experts indicate that Russia has about 6800 stored nuclear weapons, while the United States is in the stock of 7600.
Fewer nuclear weapons today
During the Cold War, nuclear weapons reached a maximum. In 1975, the Soviet Union had over 46,000 nuclear warheads and the United States 31,000. The target for today is set to 1500. It is a relatively large decline in the world’s nuclear weapons supply. However, as mentioned earlier, the goal has not yet been reached.
Old and new technology
Russia’s strategic missiles are technically the most modern in the world. 2018 came a new generation, while older missiles were taken in service in 1997 and 2009.
The United States relies on the 40-year-old LGM-30G Minuteman-3.
In a Nuclear Military Technology World War 2018
When ICBM RS-28 “Sarmat” is taken into service in Russia in 2018, its technical properties will dominate among the countries that have nuclear weapons. What revolutionizes is its ability to fly suborbitally, that is, turning off the engines while the rocket makes a return through the atmosphere. This will save a lot of fuel and nuclear weapons will have a range that allows them to even be fired from Southpole to any location in, for example, the United States.
1 missile – 10 nuclear bombs simultaneously
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The latest version of the rocket system that Russia is currently using is R-36M2 “Voevoda”. The basic construction dates from 1989. A single rocket can carry 10 nuclear weapons up to 750 kilotons.
What aggravates the defense of this rocket is the nuclear weapons ability to spread a long way. One missile can therefore fire 10 charges across the United States, which can meet different targets at up to 3000 kilometers apart. This means that large parts of a country can be attacked at the same time.
Russia has 46 missiles of this model in service. This means that 460 cities could largely be wiped out.
A new ice age
It is estimated that a new minor ice age could occur if they release about 50 of today’s nuclear bombs at the same time. It accounts for only 0.3 percent of the world’s nuclear weapons storage.