Would you like to spend an hour on the beach at the world’s most polluted lake, Karatjaj, in Russia, will it be the last thing you do in life. Here is the radiation extreme.
Before the nuclear era began, no one knew Karatjaj Lake would become famous for something that hardly attracts tourists. Since the 50th century, Karatjaj Lake has been the world’s most polluted sea.
Nuclear Weapons Production
The year was 1951, and the struggle for production quantities of nuclear weapons was the most intense between the USSR and the USA. Neither the Soviet Union or the United States had time to take any further consideration of nature. The US conducted nuclear tests near the Bikini Islands and the Soviet Union created the environmental disaster Karatjaj Lake.
At the river, Karatjaj (Карачай) which flows into the small Karatjaj Lake was the reprocessing plant called Mayak built, which could produce plutonium. They needed to catch up with America’s rearmament and worked here around the clock in what came to be seven reactors.
Dumping of radioactive waste
As in all other industries, it became obvious residual waste and other waste products. How these would be taken care of, no one had figured out.
For three years, large amounts of highly radioactive waste were dumped into the small lake. After three devastating years, it continued for 30 years with a dumping of low-level radioactive waste. Any cleanup would never be possible.
The problem is spreading
The dump site in the lake is only 0.5 square kilometers but has already spread 5 times more radioactivity than the entire Chernobyl area.
In the 1970s, the major problems started that would affect many innocent people. Suddenly, the lake shrank from 0.5 square kilometers to only 0.15 square kilometers. A Huge amount of radioactive particles released where it was previously seabed.
This was now spread as dust in the wind. Half a million people were indirectly affected by the deadly dust. How many people that became ill after exposure, there are currently no figures on.
Soviet authorities took desperate measures to stop the radioactive dust. The lake was filled with 10,000 hollow concrete blocks. These would prevent further dust from spreading by the wind. Today they have filled the lake with even more concrete.
Radiation from the lake in the current situation is now 6 millisieverts per hour. It is believed that 3-4 millisieverts over one hour giving a mortality risk of 50%. No one will never be able or want to stay at this accursed lake.